Five major big rivers of India:-Rivers play an important role in the lives of Indians. The rivers associated with every act of life are related from religion to social action. Rivers have been the center of development of our civilization, if there were no rivers, we might not have lived today, rivers have a role in the settlement of civilization.
Rivers can be classified into four main parts according to their source of origin –
source of origin in the Himalayas
Source of origin in the South Terai
The rivers flowing through the lap of the Himalayas are formed by the melting of glaciers on the mountain. Continuous flow remains through these rivers throughout the year. During the rainy season, due to the high rainfall in the foothills of the Himalayas, the size of the rivers increases. The five major rivers of India are shown below.
Length 3,200 km.
Efficiency 6,600 m³/s
Source Sengo Janbo, Plateau of Tibet, Gar River
Mouth Arabian Sea, Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
Countries India, China, Pakistan
City Karachi, Peshawar, Gilgit. Rawalpindi, Mithankot, Thatta, Jamsoro, Atok
Indus or Indus river is the largest river not only of India but of Asia. Indus river is considered to be the oldest river on the basis of history. Ancient human civilization originated on the banks of this river. The civilization of the Indus Valley, which included the city civilization, is mentioned in history as the developed culture of the world. One of the great and great rivers of the world chain is the Indus River, which flows from the plateau of Tibet to the picturesque and religious place of Kailas Mansarovar and also passes through India to other neighboring countries. This river joins the Arabian Sea between Pakistan and Gujarat. The main tributaries flowing in India are Sutlej, Beas, Jhelum, Chenab and Ravi, these rivers make the areas around Punjab fertile.
The River Ganges
Length 2525 kms. m.
Sources Nandakot, Satpanth Glacier, Kedarnath, Gangotri Glacier, Gomukh, Kamet
estuary Bay of Bengal
Cities Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Kanpur, Patna, Ghazipur
Bridge Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Vidyasagar Bridge, Rajendra Bridge, Howrah Bridge
Ganga is the most important river of India. It is not only the river but the identity of the people here. This river associated with faith is also a symbol of cultural unity of India. Different states, joining with the faith of this river, form a united India. This river comes out of Gomukh and flows along with its other tributaries in Gangotri, comes to Haridwar on flat land and then flows through different provinces of Uttar Pradesh, and finally through Bihar to Bengal. It falls into the bay.
Tributaries of Ganga – There are many tributaries and tributaries of Ganga, the main ones being Yamuna, Ramganga, Ghaghara, Gandak, Kosi, Mahanadi and Son etc. These major tributaries extend the Ganges across northern and eastern India. Chambal and Betwa are the main tributaries. These tributaries first join the Yamuna, and the Yamuna joins the Ganges at Prayag. The name of Ganga in Bangladesh is Padma. The Ganges River is a major river in northern India. It travels 2,525 km through the vast plains, flows north through the Himalayas and falls into the Bay of Bengal. Flowing in one-fourth of the land area, the Ganges makes the regions of India fertile, it is the central part of this region. River Ganges has a huge contribution in the Indian economy, it gives life to the economy. In ancient times, all the cultures from the Magadha Empire to the Mughal emperor have flourished here. The Ganges river covers most of its journey in India, but the great delta of the Ganges goes to East Bengal. Despite being on the opposite side of the delta, the Ganges is the river of Indians. This is the river of our culture. Read the history and importance of river Ganga here.
Holy River – In ancient scriptures, the Ganges is the holy river of India, bathing in the Ganges water stream or just a drop of its water leads to liberation or purification of sins. Ganga is very revered in religious texts. The Ganges originates from the Gangotri Gomukh of Himachal and Uttarakhand, crosses Bengal through the Central Pradesh and merges into the Bay of Bengal at Gangasagar. The river valley civilization of the Ganges is one of the fertile and fertile valleys of the world, and in addition many rivers merge with it during the journey. Ganga should be understood as a part of Indian culture. Many types of culture have developed on its shores, and all cultures come and integrate into it. Due to these contributions, the Ganges has been kept in the Patitpavini rivers.
Source or point of origin – Gomukh situated at an altitude of about 15000 feet is the source of the Ganges, which is located in the state of Uttarakhand. About 26 km from Gomukh, Gangotri is estimated to have a glacier, which will be about 17000 feet from the earth. The flow of the river Ganges is accelerated by the combination of the Mandakini and Alaknanda streams, these currents are less velocities in the Himalayas, and they extend over the plains near Haridwar, and flow with fierce current in the rainy season. The river Ganges is not only a resource given by nature, but also the holder of the sentimental faith of the general public. Together with the tributary, it forms a wide tract of land. Many rivers are a boon to the fertile lands in these areas.
Cultural, social and historical importance – If you look at history, ancient culture starts from the Ganges plain, and even later, Ganga has been the center of nutrition for all civilizations. Emperor Ashoka in 2 BC The center of the rule of Magadha was settled on the banks of the Ganges. Delhi and Agra, the center of the rule of the medieval Mughal emperors, were also located on the banks of the Ganges. Even in the seventh century, the invasions of Huns, Pratiharas and Kannojis continued in the Gangetic plains, the root cause of this was the rich area situated on the banks of the Ganges. The mention of Ganga is found only in the Vedas, Ganga has a major contribution in all religious rituals and customs of Hindus. Ganga has seen, nurtured the history of the whole of India.
Length total 2900 km
Source Various glaciers or glaciers of the Himalayas
estuary Bay of Bengal
Countries India, China, Bangladesh
Bridge Saraighat Bridge, Narayanghat Bridge
The Brahmaputra originates from the plateau of Tibet, its source is also the Himalayas. In Arunachal, this river is called Sangan, and this river also flows beyond the border. One of its names is Dihang and there this river joins with Devang and Lohit rivers. This river passes through the narrow valleys of Assam and also goes into Bangladesh. It is the main river of eastern India. Brahmaputra is also an important river of Asia.
Tributaries – There are many tributaries of Brahmaputra in India, Brahmaputra becomes Praval Vegamyi with Tista. Due to these rivers, the distance of Brahmaputra has also increased. It merges with Meghna in the hills of Manipur in a different form. It has many important tributaries which join with this river in different countries.
Contribution – The Brahmaputra is a major river for eastern India. The Brahmaputra is also the reason for the fertility in the low-lying region of Assam. Brahmaputra is the place of conservation of living beings prevalent in water life. The only means of agriculture and also for fish farming, the Brahmaputra is no less than other rivers of India. The banks of the Brahmaputra are full of forests, where wild animals find refuge.
Length 1465 km
Basin area 32 thousand square km
Source Brahmagiri Mountain
bridge godavari bridge
The Ganges Godavari River is the sacred pair and apart from the Ganges it is the famous river of India. It flows from the Western Ghats to the Eastern Ghats of the Himalayas. This river flowing 900 miles is the second largest river in India. This river does not flow in any country other than India. The Godavari flows from the reservoir through the hills located near the village of Tryambak, the famous place of Nashik. This river originates from the south and forms a delta near the Bay of Bengal. This river narrowly originates from the plateau of Nashik with the help of sandy reef. It is a holy river for Indians.
History – The history of Nashik is associated with this river. Many temples have been established on many banks of this river, which is still famous as a center of religious faith. Although many temples were demolished by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, some of them still show the relationship between Nashik and this river. Godavari is also mentioned in many Paranik stories. Many types of mythological legends are prevalent even today. Kumbh Mela is also held on the banks of Godavari.
Contribution – Godavari strengthens the country’s economy by maintaining the agricultural economy of the western plateau. This river, which irrigates the land below the plateau, gives life to other provinces as well. Many mineral factories or quarrying works are on the banks of this river. Godavari is also called the Ganges river of South India.
Length 1312 km
City Jabalpur Vadodara
estuary gulf of khambhat
bridge golden bridge
Narmada River is the main river flowing in central India. This river flows through different provinces of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. The Narmada river is created from the Amarkantak peak of some parts of the Vidhyachal mountain, which is called the Mahakal mountain. This river is 1312 km long. This river goes into Gujarat and gets concentrated in the Gulf of Khambat near Bhavnagar. Jabalpur is a remarkable city situated on the banks of this river. Vadodara is also a major commercial center which is situated on the bank of this river. Another feature of the Narmada river is that it does not form a delta before falling into the Gulf of Khambhat, and it is a center of special attraction for tourists. There are many pilgrimage places on the banks of this river, where people come from far and wide to express their reverence. This river is also considered to be the boundary line of South and Central India.
Expansion of Narmada – The river flowing from the summit of Amarkantak situated at an altitude of 3200 feet, originates from a watercourse in Vindhyachal. The water tank is considered very sacred. This river flows through the Satpura mountains from different regions of Madhya Pradesh. Temples have been built around this pool. It flows for 45 miles after entering Rewa district, and goes towards Ramnagar. After Mandla, this river turns into a narrow form and flows towards Jabalpur. From there, the smoke falls on the 32 feet high waterfall, and creates a breathtaking view. Smoke seems to be rising all around. Emerging from Bhedaghat, this river forms the Narmada Valley. This valley creates a mesmerizing landscape, this valley situated between Vindhya and Satpura hills is world famous. Omkareshwar and Maheshwar are situated in this valley, the pride of Mandu state. Finally, this river passes through Bharuch and falls into the Gulf of Khambhat near Bhavnagar. Read here the history and significance of Narmada Jayanti.
History – Narmada has great importance in Hinduism. This river is also called mother. The banks of the Narmada river are famous as a very excellent tourist spot. The city situated on the banks of river Narmada is very prosperous. In Hindu mythology, Narmada is incarnated as Devi.
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